The simplest way to explain CBD oil is that it is oil extracted from the cannabis plant. Most specifically, CBD oil is cannabidiol, one of many cannabinoids found in cannabis. CBD oil contains only trace amounts of THC, the active ingredient in marijuana. Because CBD oil contains almost no THC, it is non-psychoactive (it will not get you high). Instead, CBD extraction allows the user to gain all the CBD benefits – many of the same ones found in medical marijuana – without the high. However, although CBD doesn’t produce high, many users report feeling calmer and more focused when they take it.
What is the CBD extraction process?
A CBD oil manufacturer uses special techniques to extract the CBD oil from cannabis efficiently and to ensure that it does not become damaged by solvents or heat. To have a good understanding of the latest CBD extraction techniques, it’s helpful to learn a bit about older methods (also used to extract other essential oils). When you buy CBD oil, it’s best to know which extraction process was used to ensure that you’re buying the highest quality product possible. Older methods of extraction include:
- Steam distillation: This process uses steam to break the essential oil free from the plant material. The advantage of steam distillation is that it’s extremely simple. Unfortunately, this method has its downsides: it’s highly inefficient, leaving behind valuable oils, and it can damage the cannabinoids as well.
- Solvent extraction: Solvent extraction is a little better than steam distillation regarding efficiency, although it’s a bit more complex. Rather than steam, this method uses solvents to extract the essential oils. These solvents react with the plant material and remove the essential oils. However, the best solvents can be expensive, and the cheaper ones tend to be less effective and not as safe. Solvent extraction can be a great method with the right blend of solvents and mechanical processes.
About CO2 extraction
CO2 extraction is the gold standard of CBD extraction. CO2 is carbon dioxide, the natural byproduct of a person when they exhale. Plants, in turn, convert CO2 to oxygen through photosynthesis – a beautifully natural and efficient cycle. CO2 is an extremely effective solvent to use to remove essential oils using very little heat. The process is similar to solvent extraction but more effective and completely safe for human consumption.
During this extraction process, pure carbon dioxide is injected into a container with the plant material. The pressure inside the container rises until the CO2 transforms into a nearly liquid phase (supercritical CO2). At this point, some heat is added to assist the liquified CO2 in releasing the aromatics and essential oils from the plant material. The aromatics and oils are then separated from the CO2 solvent mixture, resulting in a 100% pure, very high-quality essential oil.
This type of CBD extraction has no real drawbacks, produces very little waste, and requires less energy than other methods. That’s why companies who care about the best CBD manufacturing process and the highest-quality CBD oil possible use CO2 extraction today. At Hemp Labs of America, we deliver the very best. To learn more about our private label CBD oil and our branding process, contact us today.